Cervical Cancer

What is the Cervix?

It is the lower, narrow part of the uterus and forms a canal that opens into the vagina.

What are the symptoms of Cervical Cancer?

Sometimes it causes no symptoms or may have the following symptoms:

•    Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods or after intercourse or pelvic examination Menstrual periods may last longer or be heavier than usual.
•    Bleeding after menopause.
•    Increased vaginal discharge.

Can cervical cancer be detected early?

Yes, by having regular annual PAP smear and pelvic examination

Who is at risk of getting cancer of the cervix?

•    Women who began having sexual activity before the age of 18.
•    Women who had multiple husbands.
•    If the woman’s partner began having sexual intercourse at an early age, had multiple partners, or was previously married to women who had cervical cancer.
•    History of sexually transmitted viruses (HPV, genital herpes virus).
•    Smoking.
•    Women whose immune system is weakened.

What treatment is available?

Depending on the stage of the disease, one or more of these treatment modalities may be used
•    Surgery.
•    Radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy.

The disease is highly curable if treated at an early stage.